Brushing teeth after breakfast and in the night before go to bed , regular use of dental floss is the most effective way . The toothbrushes should be selected as small heads because food residues mostly accumulate at the pits on the chewing surfaces of the teeth and at the interfaces where the teeth touch each other .The internal surfaces of the teeth, the external surfaces, the chewing surfaces and the dorsum of the tongue should be brushed and the dental floss should be used at the interfaces. The brush must be moderately hard or soft-bristle and should be replaced at regular interval . The brush bristles must not be worn and must be kept in a way that does not carry bacteria. In addition to helping tooth brushing, fluoride mouthwashes can also be used to remove malodour and provide an antiseptic effect, freshness and cleanliness.
Trying to consume sugary and acidic foods at main meals and trying to eat nothing between meals is another precaution.
Nowadays, tooth decay is more frequent than in the past. For example, in studies conducted, the rate of caries in ancient people's teeth did not exceed 5%, but today this rate can reach up to 95%. The reason for this is that eating habits change. Ancient people were fed with hard and natural foods, so they had a natural way of cleaning their teeth. Nowadays with the development of the ready-made food industry, consumption of such foods has also increased. These foodstuffs, such as biscuits, sugars, chocolate, cola, which are present at all times, are considered to be the main responsibility of the increase in tooth decay nowadays, because they are the substances that remain on the teeth and become acid forming .
Applying regularly to the dentist is the best way to prevent caries or to catch early. Also to consult a physician without delay in such cases hot and cold sensitive teeth or painful teeth or initial caries in chalky color, brown colorings and cavities , will change the treatment modalities and reduce the difficulty .
Another method to prevent tooth decay is to strengthen the dental structures procedures . The most effective substance used to strengthen tooth structure is "fluorine" compounds. The fluorine compounds provide a more resistant structure against caries by entering into the structure of the enamel when they are applied during the teeth are developing or after the eruption of teeth are seen in the mouth.
The anti-caries effect of fluorine compounds occurs mainly in four ways;
- By adding certain amount of fluoride compounds to drinking water,
- By giving the children the fluoride tablets that are ready to be sold on the market,
- Taking advantage of the fluoride compounds added into the common salt ,toothpaste, mouthwashes
- To stuff gel-shaped special fluorine compounds on the teeth by dentist at clinics .
The easiest method of application is morning and evening brushing teeth with a fluoride toothpaste from 3 years old and using fluoride mouthwash after 6 years of age . Other applications are not yet widely used in our country, nor do they have an adequate infrastructure. For example, there is no clear standard study of the fluoride content of drinking water in most of our regions and the amount of fluoride taken in the diet. Fluor is a necessary element for the body. However, when taken too much , teeth can change color or cause deformations in bones . For this reason, applications outside toothpaste and mouthwash must be done under physician control.